Of the many races the United Federation of Planets encounters on a regular basis, few are more mysterious and deadly than the Romulans. Lieutenant Commander Terise Lobrutto, a Federation deep-cover operative went underground in the Romulan Star Empire some 50 years ago (for a duration of 8 years), mostly for sociological background information. She went in at the same time as the USS Enterprise aquired a Romulan cloaking device (Stardate 5027.3). At that time, very little was known about Romulans and the following is a cultural summary of that enigmatic race:

*Vulcan's first contact with an alien race (the Orions)on Vulcan Old Date 139954 (Jan 18,22 BC on Earth). After the Orions took 800 important hostages, a brief but violent war occurred, after which the Orions steadfastly left the warlike Vulcans alone.

*Surak's reforms began spreading rapidly across Vulcan. Vulcan wars had escalated with time and technology to astonishing proportions. Over a 10,000 year period, there was only one period of ten standard years which as much as 10% of Vulcan was not at war. Without Surak, the planet probably would not exist today except as a ragged band of radioactive asteroids in the second orbit out from 40 Eridani. S'Task and the Eighty-thousand, in opposition to Surak and the Reformation, began the task of self-exile from Vulcan, becoming the first Rihanssu. In their absence, under Surak's tutelage, Vulcan became one.

*Possession of more than one's needs was evil became widespread thinking of the Eighty-thousand before leaving Vulcan. This peculiar mindset reinforced Rhihanssu thinking about deprivation. Personal possessions and wealth were amassed in great amounts for starship funding.

*The Vulcan banking community began to worry as the depreciation nearing as much as 10-25% of the total capital wealth of Vulcan might be completely removed from the banking and credit system. The Vulcan financial system could not withstand such a blow: Any withdrawal of funds and labor greater than 18% would cause a depression too deep for the planet to recover from. The major banking cartels conferred over this problem for nearly a year, and then took the only action possible to them: one that cost them the equivalent of billions of credits, but both saved Vulcan from a depression and made them a great deal of money later. They financed the building of the starships themselves, as well as much necessary R&D. The technologies born in the shipbuilding paid for themselves many times over, since all major patents were owned by the banking cartels.

*With psi assisted bootstrap acceleration, the first Rihanssu ship Rea's Helm, left Vulcan on Ahhahr 140005. Behind her, in two's and three's, came the other seventeen ships: Warbird, Starcather, T'Hie, Pennon, Bloodwing, Corona, Lance, Gorget, Sunheart, Forge, Lost Road, Blacklight, Firestorm, Venqence, Memory, and Shield. 

*After forty years of searching, seven of the eighteen ships were lost over the event horizon of a newly collapsed black hole in the 198 Eridani system. Pennon, Starcatcher, Bloodwing, Forge, Lance, Lost-Road, and Blacklight all came out of boost phase of the psi-based bootstrap acceleration to find themselves falling down a "hole'" in space. Those from the surviving ships unlucky enough to be in mindlink with them succumed to psychoses and died quickly, possibly in empathy, or slowly, raving to the end of their lives.

*Three and a half years went by while the surviving ships grieved, argued, and continued searching. S'Task had not come so far to turn back. Using boot-strapping again, the ships headed for 4408 A/B Trianguli, a promising "wide" binary with two possible stars. 4408B Tri is, of course, the star around which orbits the planet Iruh, and the travelers could have not have made a worse choice of a world to examine for colonization. The first two ships, T'Hie and Corona, slipped into regular orbit of a habitable world. Not even Vulcans were capable of holding out against the influence of a species rated one of the most mentally powerful in the whole galaxy, with a reconstructed psi rating of nearly 160 (the most highly trained Vulcans rate about 30, most Terrans about 10).

When the T'Hie and Corona were in optimum range, the Iruhe proceeded to suck the life force of the entire compliment of both ships, over 12,000 men, women, and children. Then they crashed the ships full of mindless, still-breathing husks into Iruhe's methane seas, and waited eagerly for the rest of the feast. The Sunheart coasted in next, and her  crew noticed with instant alarm that the ion trials of the T'Hie and Corona stopped suddenly around Iruhe, and did not head out into space again. The fleet immediately made the wisest decision possible under the circumstances: they ran. Many more ships and several planets were to fall victim to the insatiable mind-predators. Not until some 1,700 years later, when the Organians were asked to intervene, could anything effective be done about the Iruhe. And the irony is that no one knows to this day just what was "done". The planet is empty-and-quite now, and there is a Federation research team there, sifting the ruined landmasses for what artifacts remain.

*As the ships reached their hundred-year envelopes, food was beginning to be scarce in some of the ships, systems were breaking down, and almost all replacement parts were used up. Warbird was lost to a massive drive system malfunction; she had no adept left who could bootstrap her, and she fell into 114 Trianguli trying to pick up more boost. Memory went the same way, trying to use a black dwarf. The remaining ships-Rea's Helm, Gorget, Sunheart, Vengence, and Firestorm - kept going as best they could.

*More than 1,700 years before the first Klingon/Federation contact with the Rihanssu, the last ships coasted into a binary system with two habitable planets rotating around each other. They named them ch'Rihan and ch'Havran, Romulus and Remus to outsiders.


Of the many races the United Federation of Planets encounters on a regular basis, few are more mysterious and deadly than the Romulan Star Empire. The Romulans are from a star system that Federation scholars refer to as Romulus. The exact number of worlds comprising the Empire remains a matter of speculation and worlds do not volunteer to join the Empire but are annexed and rebellions crushed. The Romulans believe in expansion through might. The entire Romulan society is apparently geared toward the further conquest of inhabited space. Their ships are entirely military in nature and are known as Warbirds or Birds of Prey. Nearly two centuries ago, uneasy relations between the pre-Federation EarthUnion and the Romulans sparked a war fought entirely by starship. The following events detail that war:

When the EarthUnion ship USS Carrizal (Captain Marcus Dini commanding) made initial reconnaisance of the ch'Rihan System, he detected the Rihannsu civilization. Even though contact was not established, Rihannsu sensors detected the EarthUnion ship and a xenophobic military buildup began. During the next year, ch'Rihan built over 3,000 spacecraft, ch'Havran over 4,000. It had been 30 generations since the settlement of the ch'Rihan System but the Rihannsu had become militant xenophobes. The Romulan Wars began between the EarthUnion and Romulan Star Empire in 2156. Composed of nearly thirty worlds, the EarthUnion also had several important alien allies in fighting the Romulans. The war was primarily fought with particle accelerators and nuclear weapons, and the Romulan fleet was not even equipped with warp drive(until the capture of the USS Stone Mountain). During the next four years, multi-system battles occur when the Romulans tryed to flank the EarthUnion forces. Several Terran allies, notably the Tralthans, Virh, and Anderman Empire were overrun and decimated. At the height of the war, Romulan vessels used terror tactics against populated planets to force Earth to surrender. The following Earth colonies were decimated: 
Great Reef
Devon's World

Civilian losses were especially heavy on Rajput, with over 1 billions Indians perishing in a nuclear firestorm and the destruction of Devon's World brought heavy nuclear attacks by Terran forces. Earth fleets desperately pushed Romulan forces back into Romulan space, inflicting heavy losses on both sides. Earth forces massed for a final push through Romulan space. The major Romulan base at Cheron was reinforced with over 500 warpships. At this time, Vulcan, Tellar, and Centaurus were massively supplying EarthUnion forces. The Romulan War(2156-2160) was ended by the Battle of Cheron. The Romulans sufferd a humiliating military defeat at the hands of the EarthUnion forces. The Romulan Peace Treaty signed, establishing the Romulan Neutral Zone. All negotiations were conducted by subspace radio. The pact was known as the Treaty of Algeron and prohibits EarthUnion forces and allies cloaking technology. The EarthUnion collapsed afterward due to the devastation of the war and most human planets did not join the newly formed United Federation of Planets when it formed a year later. 
After several abortive exchanges with the Federation, the Romulans entered into a brief alliance with the Klingons. What the Klingons got in exchange for the deal remains classified to this date, but the Romulans were given access to Klingon battlecruiser technology. The alliance was extremely short-lived, and, in fact, eventually deteriorated into bloody warfare between the two Empires. However, the Romulans used their newly acquired technology to construct their powerful Warbirds, which they have built up into a impressive fleet to date.
It was around this time that Nimbus III became the site of an attempt for Federation, Klingon, and Romulan cooperation. A joint council oversaw the development of the world until natural disaster struck, turning the experiment into a failure. 
More than fifty years ago, the Romulans severed all contact with the Federation after the famous "Tomed Incident". Their reason for sealing off their borders is not known, but their is evidence that the entire Romulan race faced a threat that they considered to be more serious than that of the Federation. The Romulans did not immediately sever all relations with the Klingon Empire, however. For whatever reason, they maintained contact with the Klingons for 15 years after isolating themselves from the Federation. Their break with the Klingons was much more violent, however. In preemptive strikes all up and down the Klingon/Romulan border, the Romulans laid waste to planets such as Khitomer and other Klingon planets. Then silence.
Two years ago, the Romulans returned, revealing only that something had preoccupied them for more than half a century, which may or may not have involved a hostile alien race such as the Borg. The Romulans quickly began encroaching on the Neutral Zone once again, requiring the USS Enterprise (NCC-1701D) to aid ships in the vicinity. Shortly thereafter, outposts on both sides of the Neutral Zone began being decimated. While the Romulans maintain that the attacks were acts of aggression on the Federation's part, it is perhaps a signal that the Borg are much closer to inhabited space than thought. 
The Romulans and their society remain shrouded in secrecy and mystery. Counselor Deanna Troi reported that little is known of them outside of a shared mindset of superiority and arrogance. They are definitely an offshoot of the Vulcan race, all though how and why are not generally known among Federation citizens. With that knowledge, it is safe to assume that Romulans have some telepathic ability as well as strength superior to humans. Yet rather than devoting themselves to logic like the Vulcans, the Romulans have passionately dedicated their minds to martial ways which present a clear and present danger to the Federation. 
Recently, the Romulans have battled the USS Enterprise, first in a case where a Romulan spy craft crashed on Golorndon Kor, and the Romulans threatened war until their deception was discovered. A short time later, a Romulan admiral tried to defect to the Federation although, it was discovered, he was actually a pawn used and discarded by the Romulan government. 
The Romulans have also fought major conflicts with the Gorn and Klingons, the Ssli, Seti, and Wefts (who have joined the Federation), and the Oon, who are major Federation allies. The also fought a devastating conflict with the Ryxx, annihilating that species in three short years. 
Recent events transpiring within the Romulan Star Empire has promoted both hostility and re-approachment between the Empire and the Federation. 

On Stardate 47494, six Romulan warships covertly intervened in a growing conflict in the Dubhe System, deep within Federation territory. Supporting their ally (the Warlord of Han Kao), against the Techno-Group (a cluster of pro-Federation planets in the same system) the situation quickly dissolved into serious fighting. The USS Enterprise (NCC-1701D) and the USS Zeus (NCC-4466) were dispatched by Starfleet Command to support the pro-Federation planets. As the situation escalated into crisis, the Romulan warbirds decloaked and attacked. The USS Zeus, Starfleet's newest dreadnought, and the USS Enterprise were able to destroy these vessels, but both ships took heavy damage.
Several years after this incident, the situation with the Dominion had grown so unstable that the Federation Council approached the Romulan Star Empire for use of a cloaking device to reconnoiter the Gamma Quadrant, which is the location of the Dominion. The Romulans agreed and the device was placed aboard the USS Defiant (NCC-74205). A liaison Romulan officer was placed aboard as well to operate the cloaking device. This joint venture improved relations between the Federation and the Empire. 
On Stardate 49742, a joint Romulan-Cardassian fleet conducted a long-range strike on the Founders homeworld in the Gamma Quadrant, precipitating the current crisis with the Dominion. Federation-Romulan relations suffered a severe set-back from this operation but quickly reversed itself when the Cardassian Empire was taken over by the Dominion. Fearing an Alpha Quadrant take-over by the rapidly expanding Dominion, the reeling Romulan Empire concluded a non-aggression pact with the Dominion on Stardate 50372. However, steps by Dominion forces destroyed this alliance, and the Romulan Empire joined the United Federation of Planets in combating Dominion forces in the Alpha Quadrant. The RSE has 'loaned' the Federation the use of 30+ Romulan Warbirds as a sign of it's commitment to the current conflict, and to sustain the Federation since it's heavy losses in starships has driven the Federation back from the borders of Cardassian space. Continuing Romulan support should help the Federation substantially in it's ongoing conflict with the Dominion. Since the military alliance was signed with the Empire, Starfleet Command has redeployed nearly all it's starships from the Neutral Zone to the border with the Dominion, adding almost eighty starships to the front lines. Utilizing both Romulan and Klingon support, the United Federation of Planets should be able, in the long run, to defeat them.


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